Country Flag of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Map of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Courtesy of

Local time in Addis Ababa:

Facts and Figures

arrow Official Name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

arrow Capital City Addis Ababa.

arrow Languages Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools).

arrow Official Currency birr (ETB).

arrow Ethnic Groups Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%.

arrow Religions Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%.

arrow Population 67,673,031. Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.).

arrow Land Area 1,127,000 sq km (439,530 sq mi).


Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-41. In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A two and a half year border war with Eritrea ended with a peace treaty on 12 December 2000.

UNAIDS Epidemiological
Fact Sheets

[English] [French]

Global Surveillance of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a joint effort of WHO and UNAIDS. The UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance, initiated in November 1996, guides respective activities. The primary objective of the working group is to strengthen national, regional and global structures and networks for improved monitoring and surveillance of HIV/AIDS and STIs. For this purpose, the working group collaborates closely with national AIDS programmes and a number of national and international experts and institutions. The goal of this collaboration is to compile the best information available and to improve the quality of data needed for informed decision-making and planning at national, regional and global levels. The Epidemiological Fact Sheets are one of the products of this close and fruitful collaboration across the globe.

Ethiopia Contacts

Country Name Title Office Telephone Fax
Ethiopia Tadese Wuhib, MD Visiting Scientist 251 1 550666 251 1 551328
  Roger Follas,  PHA 251 1 550666 251 1 551328

AIDS Organizations Contacts

Actionaid Ethiopia
Home-based care; orphan care; voluntary counselling and testing; PWA support
P.O. Box 1261 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 654671/76

Afar Mothers and Child Care Organization
Family Planning; care of orphans; income generating activities
P.O. Box 888 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 123048

Care Ethiopia
Home-based care; paediatric AIDS research; voluntary counselling and testing;
information, education and counselling.
P.O. Box 4710 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 653900

Centro Volontari Marchigiani
Information; education; STD control; blood safety services; education/training; clinical
care; and counselling.
P.O. Box 8429 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 163 409 / +251 1 655 602
Fax: +251 1 655 600 / +251 1 163 409
Contact person: Kibret Shiferaw

Children Aid-Ethiopia (CHAD-ET)
Children, education, PWA support
P.O. Box 5854 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 762148
Contact person: Ato Anannia Admassu

Christian Children's Fund
Tel: +251 1 613426
Fax: +251 1 612-866
Contact person: Fikero Abebe

Consortium Of Family Planning NGOs In Ethiopia (COFAP)
Coordinating body of affiliated NGOs; training on reproductive health; prevention
P.O. Box 14507 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 119633
Fax: +251 1 551588
Contact person: Tigist Alemu

Dawn Of Hope
Socio-economic support; medical support; legal and human rights protection; counselling; emotional support; training on counselling; public education; community mobilisation through workshops.
P.O. Box 24378 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 56 43 29
Fax: +251 1 56 02 45
Contact person: Kassahun Argaw

Ethiopian Anti-AIDS Women Association
Condom; female condom; dental dam distribution; counselling
P.O. Box 170265 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 622787

Family Guidance Association
Information; education; communication; condom distribution; STI diagnosis and treatment; counselling; voluntary HIV testing; treatment of opportunistic infections.
P.O. Box 5716 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 514111
Fax: +251 1 512192
Contact person: Amare Bedada

Integrated Service For Aids Prevention And Support (ISAPSO)
Training of peer educators; seminars; condom promotion and distribution; development and distribution of IEC material.
P.O. Box 27320 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 564335 / 550162
Fax: +251 1 555179
Contact person: Beletu Mengistu

Mekdim HIV Positive Persons And AIDS Orphans National Association
Psychological and social support; home care; awareness raising
P.O. Box 31218 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 56 03 80 / +251 1 56 30 03
Fax: +251 1 56 87 33
Contact person: Mengistu Zemene

The MESOB HIV/AIDS Networking Project - c/o InterAfrica Group's NGO Networking Service
Networking and information-sharing; education
P.O. Box 1631 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 514575
Fax: +251 1 517554
Contact person: Renee Storteboom

Nazreth Children's Center and Integrated Development (NACID)
Prevention; training; IEC materials production and distribution; condom distribution; awareness raising.
P.O. Box 40943 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 200081
Fax: +251 1 711288
Contact person: Kassaye Haile

Organisation For Social Services For Aids (OSSA)
Umbrella NGO; information and education materials; community based care; testing and counselling; programmes for orphans; support; community economic project.
P.O. Box 2385 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 506858/531683
Fax: +251 1 51 53 06
Contact person: Girma Assefa

Save Your Generation Association
Information; education; condom programming; empowerment of vulnerable groups; community economic project; advocacy.
P.O. Box 14685 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 123882 / +251 1 565026
Fax: +251 1 553619 (c/o DSW)
Contact person: Abebe Demisu

UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS
Chair - Mr Samuel Nyambi, UNDP Resident Representative
Supports an expanded response and policy advice on preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.
P.O. Box 5580 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251 1 51 51 77 / 51 10 25 direct
Fax: 251 1 51 51 47 or 51 45 99

UNAIDS Country representative - Ms Emebet Admassu (NPO)
Education/training; surveillance and research; empowerment of vulnerable groups; programmes for orphans and surviving dependants; community economic project.
Tel: 251 1 51 01 52
Fax: 251 51 10 21
Email: /

Web sites

U.S. Government Agencies

World Fact Book
The Factbook was created as an annual summary and update to the encyclopedic NIS studies. The first classified Factbook was published in August 1962, and the first unclassified version was published in June 1971. The 1975 Factbook was the first to be made available to the public with sales through the US Government Printing Office (GPO).

US Department of State - Consular Information Sheet
Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department decides, based on all relevant information, to recommend that Americans avoid travel to a certain country. Countries where avoidance of travel is recommended will have Travel Warnings as well as Consular Information Sheets.

Ethiopia-based Organizations

Addis Ababa HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (AAHAPCO)
The role of AAHAPCO is to support all organizations (government & non- government) in the fight against HIV/AIDS through provision of technical support, funding, project appraisal and monitoring & evaluation.

Aids Resource Centre
Resource and information centre

African Initiative for HIV/AIDS Programs
Developing AIDS projects, in creating collaborative anti-AIDS efforts and in building effective international networks to battle the epidemic

Christian Relief And Development Association (CRDA)
Umbrella organisation of over 210 NGOs; HIV/AIDS Database; information and educational materials; support the establishment of VCT centres; empowerment of vulnerable groups; training; newsletter; advice; advocacy; networking; capacity building; workshops, seminars and conferences

An agency of the churches in the UK and Ireland, Christian Aid works wherever the need is greatest, irrespective of religion. It supports local organisations, which are best placed to understand local needs, as well as giving help on the ground through 16 overseas offices.

Church in Society
Churches, social ministry organizations, and health care organizations also have much to learn from the way the church, in a country like Ethiopia, is earnestly at work to address the AIDS crisis

Building Support Among Religious Leaders for HIV/AIDS Programs
Increasing Committment Among Religious Leaders In The Battle Against AIDS/HIV

Share your views on the factors that contribute to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Ethiopia

Family Planning In Ethiopia
FHI is working to establish a monitoring system to track HIV/AIDS behavioral data among youth.

Norwegian Church Aid
Works in partnership with local organisations and provides technical and financial assistance to allow them to deliver various services and activities to their target groups

Organization for Social Services for AIDS (OSSA)
Organization for Social Services for AIDS (OSSA) is the pioneer organization in Ethiopia to establish community based care and support for orphans and PLWHA and to develop activities for HIV/AIDS prevention. The program includes home-based care, counseling, financial support, vocational training, educational programs, voluntary counseling and testing, and Provision of materials like posters, leaflets, newsletters, condoms, etc.

People to People
People to People, Inc. was founded to assemble foreign and Ethiopian doctors and education and health care specialists to meet the challenge and devastating impact of HIV/AIDS on Ethiopian society.

Pro Pride
Health education on HIV/AIDS and STDs; publication of monthly newspaper, brochures, posters and other IEC materials; radio sensitization programme; drama and musical shows on HIV/AIDS; counselling services; psychosocial support of HIV/AIDS patients; voluntary counselling and testing


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