Official Name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
Capital City Addis Ababa.
Languages Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools).
Official Currency birr (ETB).
Ethnic Groups Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%.
Religions Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%.
Population 67,673,031. Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.).
Land Area 1,127,000 sq km (439,530 sq mi).
Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-41. In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A two and a half year border war with Eritrea ended with a peace treaty on 12 December 2000.
Global Surveillance of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a joint effort of WHO and UNAIDS. The UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance, initiated in November 1996, guides respective activities. The primary objective of the working group is to strengthen national, regional and global structures and networks for improved monitoring and surveillance of HIV/AIDS and STIs. For this purpose, the working group collaborates closely with national AIDS programmes and a number of national and international experts and institutions. The goal of this collaboration is to compile the best information available and to improve the quality of data needed for
informed decision-making and planning at national, regional and global levels. The Epidemiological Fact Sheets are one of the products of this close and fruitful collaboration across the globe.
Tadese Wuhib, MD
251 1 550666
251 1 551328
251 1 550666
251 1 551328
AIDS Organizations Contacts
Home-based care; orphan care; voluntary counselling and testing; PWA support
P.O. Box 1261 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 654671/76
Afar Mothers and Child Care Organization
Family Planning; care of orphans; income generating activities
P.O. Box 888 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 123048
Home-based care; paediatric AIDS research; voluntary counselling and testing;
The Factbook was created as an annual summary and update to the encyclopedic NIS studies. The first classified Factbook was published in August 1962, and the first unclassified version was published in June 1971. The 1975 Factbook was the first to be made available to the public with sales through the US Government Printing Office (GPO).
Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department decides, based on all relevant information, to recommend that Americans avoid travel to a certain country. Countries where avoidance of travel is recommended will have Travel Warnings as well as Consular Information Sheets.
The role of AAHAPCO is to support all organizations (government & non- government) in the fight against HIV/AIDS through provision of technical support, funding, project appraisal and monitoring & evaluation.
Umbrella organisation of over 210 NGOs; HIV/AIDS Database; information and educational materials; support the establishment of VCT centres; empowerment of vulnerable groups; training; newsletter; advice; advocacy; networking; capacity building; workshops, seminars and conferences
An agency of the churches in the UK and Ireland, Christian Aid works wherever the need is greatest, irrespective of religion. It supports local organisations, which are best placed to understand local needs, as well as giving help on the ground through 16 overseas offices.
Organization for Social Services for AIDS (OSSA) is the pioneer organization in Ethiopia to establish community based care and support for orphans and PLWHA and to develop activities for HIV/AIDS prevention. The program includes home-based care, counseling, financial support, vocational training, educational programs, voluntary counseling and testing, and Provision of materials like posters, leaflets, newsletters, condoms, etc.
Health education on HIV/AIDS and STDs; publication of monthly newspaper, brochures, posters and other IEC materials; radio sensitization programme; drama and musical shows on HIV/AIDS; counselling services; psychosocial support of HIV/AIDS patients; voluntary counselling and testing
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